Criminal law otherwise known as penal law is the organ that relates to punishment and crime. A crime is either an omission or act of public law violation by commanding or forbidding it. Criminal law controls the behavior and social conduct of people and rules out anything harmful, threatening or endangering people’s moral welfare, safety and health as well as property. In criminal law, there is the persecution by the state bodies of persons for omissions grouped as crimes. Criminal law is when people are penalized for violating laws either by forfeiting property, fines or imprisonment and others.
Criminal lawyers are also criminal defense lawyers, but they are lawyers who specialize in defending companies or people that are charged as having committed a crime. Most criminal lawyers are either employed by law firms or in private practice. Certain criminal lawyers are employed as public defenders by the government, and others work for non-profit agencies. A public defender is also a lawyer hired by the court on behalf of victims who are unable to take up the services of a private lawyer. The scope of crimes that criminal lawyers handle includes fraud, embezzlement, theft, drug crimes, violent crimes, sex crimes, domestic violence crimes and others. These lawyers serve both as advocates or advisors to their clients. Criminal lawyers stand for the defendants or the accused that are charged with crimes in trial courts and appellate courts.
The extent of criminal lawyers includes post-conviction remedies, appeals, probation or parole, trial and bail hearing. Carefully studying the case, the statutes and procedural law and researching case law are some of the roles that a criminal lawyer should do. Criminal lawyers must have a strategy for the case and create a strong defense. Criminal lawyers should argue, draft and file for the accused. The work of the lawyer is also to negotiate with the prosecution for lighter charges. Representation in an appellate court of law on behalf of the accused is also a role for a criminal lawyer. Excellent written and oral advocacy skills are some traits that criminal lawyers should have to be able to represent their client before a judge or persuade a jury. To build a client case and establish a strong defense, a criminal lawyer should have strong investigative and research skills. Criminal defense lawyers are hired to protect their rights because in the absence of one a person can harm his interest and waive his rights.
In a criminal trial a criminal prosecutor brings out a case against an accused person. They must provide proof to show that the defendant is guilty. A criminal prosecutor must do so since a criminal defendant is deemed innocent until proved otherwise.